human origins

This week in anthropology, bio anthropology, primatology, and bioarchaeology

The scourge of scurvy (vitamin C deficiency) and the demise of Europe’s first settlement in the Western Hemisphere

Mummy of Egypt’s “lost queen” Queen Hatshepsut found, osteological shows died of bone cancer around age 50 

Sharon DeWitte of University of South Carolina, using dental and skeletal evidence to look at populations before, during, and after Black Death swept Europe 

Mexican archaeologist excavate 1600 year old shaft tomb in State of Zacatecas, material evidence suggests the 28 individuals armed for battle in death

Neanderthal moms had it tougher than modern moms, Neanderthal and homo sapien infants had same cranial size at birth, and Neanderthal children grew at faster rates 

Getting to the root of enamel evolution: Connecting genes to hominin teeth shows evidence of natural selection 

Is ignorance bliss? The frustrations of being scientifically literate 

Byran college loosing 25% of faculty after “Adam and Eve” controversy 

Genes made us do it: the new pseudoscience of racial differences see also a great follow up Things to know when talking about race and genetics

Primates and patience: the evolutionary roots of self-control 

Chronicle of higher ed: struggling to find a project that excites you? follow these steps 

Function of human appendix, known use since lost?

Power and glory of the Maya queens, stele at Naachtun depicts fierce-looking, possible warrior, queen

Girl’s 12,000 year old skeleton found in underwater cave may shed light on Native American origins 

Should human remains be put on display? Archaeology and grave robbing 

Five ways twitter can be useful in academic contexts 

In Victorian ear, doctors prescribed beards to keep men healthy 

Restorers to bone up on skills for Kutná Hora ossuary makeover, Prague 

Bone to be wild, fleshing out a career devoted to skeletons and people, tribute to paleopathologist Dr. George Armelagos

Qatari people carry genetic trace of early migrants out of Africa  

Testing on Egyptian coffin’s wood reveals climate change may have caused empire’s fall 

Mountain Gorilla, Cross River Gorilla, and Sumatran Orangutan listed as some of the world’s most endangered animals 

Ancient faeces reveals origins of Puerto Rican natives 

Graphic of Wari woman’s royal tomb reveals burial fit for a queen, Peru 

Federal government jeopardizes Navajo’s family ties to home lands

Is your baby American enough Complicated relationship between genetics and nationality 

This week in anthropology, bioanthropology, bioarchaeology, and archaeology

Scientists find that Neanderthals were not less intelligent than modern humans 

DNA tests can trace your ancestral origins back 1000 years 

Interactions between humans and scavengers have been decisive in human evolution 

Dmanisi “single species” claim draws criticism among paleoanthropologists 

Study shows that white, male professors more likely to respond to other white, male emails than females and minorities 

Sa Huynh site discovered in the Quang Nam providence, China 

Excavations in Nashville Zoo reveal Native American remains 

Archaeologists search for ancient temples and pyramids in Sudan 

Stone darts and dismembered bodies shows 5000 years of violence among Central California Native Americans 

What happens when an orangutan and the slow loris meet 

Who majors in anthropology? This infograph reveals that many successful people did! 

The war over science continues in Congress, Republicans trying to push out scientists from peer reviewing 

Desert geoglyphs in the Chincha Valley, Peru, made by Paracas culture to help point travelers to settlements, possible divided by ethnic and kin groups 

A caring graduate advisor is the key to whether or not a graduate student thrives 

Why do scientists ignore female genitalia and sexual reproduction? 

New center in Arizona helps identify remains of people who attempted to cross the US-Mexican border

Archaeologists find 5600 year old tomb in Hierakonpolis, Egypt

 

Excavations unearth Roman basilica in Bursa, Turkey

Looters destroy tomb in southern Turkey

Researchers find chimpanzee have distinct, individual behaviors, similar to humans 

A look at the Penan hunter-gratherers of the Sarawak rainforest, Borneo 

Inca culture in the Sacred Valley includes sites Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Urubamba, and Moray, Peru

Scientists examine carbon atoms found in mummies reveals vegetarian diet among ancient Egyptians

Black death skeleton reveals harsh life of 14-century Londoners

Rice theory: Why Eastern cultures are more cooperative, see also New Scientist 

Ramesside tomb of Egypt’s royal ambasador discovered at Saqqara, osteological remains reveal individual died suddenly at young age 

Someone had to build Qin Shihuang’a terra-cotta army, archaeologists just found their grave, China

This week in anthropology, archaeology, bioarchaeology, biological anthropology, human evolution

Representation and perception of death in Neolithic Near East site Tell Qarassa examining funerary site, human image, and similar iconographic conventions

3 million year old fossil skeleton Little Foot (or Australopithecus prometheus) oldest most complete Australopithecus ever found; also believed to be oldest Homo skeleton found (see Archaeology Magazine and Science Now)

australopithecine “little foot”

New study shows that Native Americans and Russians share same language traits, dialects reveals how ancestors migrated 13,000 years ago 

Archaeologists want to explore human origins, Georgia wants to mine gold, which is worth more? 

Archaeologists tired of unearthing unspeakable ancient evils 

Billionaires with big ideas are privatizing American science 

1600 year old basilica dedicated to St Neophytus discovered in Turkey’s Lake Iznik architecturally similar to Hagia Sofia 

Burials in Greece linked to Macedonian kings 

Learn how archaeologists in the rural highlands of Peru are supporting the local schools by providing young boys and girls with opportunities (read more about the field school PIARA at the wordpress blog the Ancash Advocate)

Egyptians may have domesticated cats around 6,000 years ago based on cat skeletons found in cemetery, see also Live Science 

3200 year-old skeleton has oldest known example of cancer (metastatic carcinoma) associated with modern lifestyle  (such as environmental–carcinogens from wood fire smoke, genetic or from the parasite schistosomiasis), for more information see Archaeology Magazine and great photos visit Popular archaeology 

Graduate students should be encouraged to explore jobs outside academia and seek advice through campus career services 

Evolutionary fitness is not the most important determinant of success 

Classical archaeologist looks to shipwrecks and harbors to examine economic networks during Roman Empire 

“An anthropologists walks into a bar…” beer company hires social anthropologists to figure out why business is waning 

20+ skills that make PhDs employable 

Architecture analysis offers new clues to Petra’s culture 

Styloid process, an osteological genetic mutation that may have enabled humans to make tools, found in ancient fossil

Shocking facts from the scaffold 

Grad student deciphers 1800 year old letter from Egyptian solider 

What is plaque? 

Footless body with sheep bones discovered in UK 

Thinking more about teeth, dental anthropology

Study shows that race determines earwax scent

Why dark chocolate is good for your heart 

Cavities (tooth decay) causes, symptoms, and treatments 

Archaeologists use lasers to map site of Angkor, heart of SE Asia’s Khmer Empire 

Human nose can distinguish between a trillion smells

Amazon Warrior Women: Any truth behind the myth? 

High demand for underwater archaeology in Vietnam 

Conche shells evolved to be smaller because of hungry humans 

Vatican library to digitize its archive and put it online 

Epigenetics: the controversial science behind ethic and racial health disparities

Archaeologists are learning more about the Roman baths between Mġarr to Gћajn Tuffieћa in Malta 

A lot is known about Colonial India, but less about Ancient India 

Primatologists study infant chimps to get at root of gender differences in humans 

This week in anthropology, archaeology, bioarchaeology, biological anthropology

Modern Iberian populations not genetically related to Mesolithic populations in Spain 

Remains of executed Indian soldiers found in well

Construction for Olympic stadium reveals slave cemetery in Rio 

Mass grave of Irish laborers found in Pennsylvania

4,000 year-old burial found in Dartmoor rewrites bronze-age history in Britain 

Exhumed bones from the Franco period brings crimes of Spanish dictatorship to surface

Dark skin may have evolved to protect against skin cancer 

Check out the Order of the Good Death, a collaboration of “funeral industry professionals, academics, and artists exploring ways to prepare a death phobic culture for their inevitable mortality”

Nine maps that have shaped the world 

New research suggests that unusual weather aided the rise of the Mongol empire in the 1200s

DNA analysis shows that natural selection has altered the appearance (skin, hair, and eye pigmentation) of Europeans over the past 5000 years, see also at ScienceNews and ScienceDaily

Who has received the most NSF grants for archaeology, interesting results, shows women underrepresented

David J. Skorton of Cornell to head Smithsonian’s 19 museums , 9 research organizations, and zoo 

Remains of medieval monk discovered after his legs found poking out of sea ridge

Archaeologists may have covered palace of Anglo-Saxon royals who buried their dead near Sutton Hoo 

DNA study finds millions of Scots and Brits decedents from Vikings 

Why Americans are the weirdest people on Earth 

Volcanoes helped species survive the Ice Age, helps scientists understand how animals respond the climate change

Personality predicts social learning in wild monkeys: bold or anxious baboons learn to solve tasks from other baboons, shy and nervous baboons don’t

Problem with foundation of the Pyramid of the Sun, might collapse in near future

DNA politics: Anzick child casts doubt on Bering Straight theory 

Peru plans to make bug changes for Machu Picchu visitors, for potation and preservation of site

Descendants of Richard III campaign to have last medieval king’s remains buried in York 

Jane Goodall discusses wildlife poaching crisis in Africa

Anglo-Saxon royal village discovered whose people buried their royal dead at Sutton Hoo

Human bones from Welsh cliff could be from “unofficial” Tudor burial ground 

New excavations start at Troy lead by Turkish team

Archaeologists study 4,000 year old settlement in Hungary

For PiDay Smithsonian’s Human Origins asks how many early human species were on earth 3.14 million years ago?  

Second skeleton found at Wanapun Dam on Columbia River, Washington state 

Residents of Timbuktu, Mail, begin reconstruction on mausoleum, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, after armed extremists damaged site during 2012 occupation 

Jane Goodall included on list of 12 Women Who Totally Rocked Science in honor of Womens’ History Month 

US agreed to return 4000 year old Egyptian artifacts smuggled out of the country in 2011