natural selection

This week in anthropology, bio anthropology, primatology, and bioarchaeology

The scourge of scurvy (vitamin C deficiency) and the demise of Europe’s first settlement in the Western Hemisphere

Mummy of Egypt’s “lost queen” Queen Hatshepsut found, osteological shows died of bone cancer around age 50 

Sharon DeWitte of University of South Carolina, using dental and skeletal evidence to look at populations before, during, and after Black Death swept Europe 

Mexican archaeologist excavate 1600 year old shaft tomb in State of Zacatecas, material evidence suggests the 28 individuals armed for battle in death

Neanderthal moms had it tougher than modern moms, Neanderthal and homo sapien infants had same cranial size at birth, and Neanderthal children grew at faster rates 

Getting to the root of enamel evolution: Connecting genes to hominin teeth shows evidence of natural selection 

Is ignorance bliss? The frustrations of being scientifically literate 

Byran college loosing 25% of faculty after “Adam and Eve” controversy 

Genes made us do it: the new pseudoscience of racial differences see also a great follow up Things to know when talking about race and genetics

Primates and patience: the evolutionary roots of self-control 

Chronicle of higher ed: struggling to find a project that excites you? follow these steps 

Function of human appendix, known use since lost?

Power and glory of the Maya queens, stele at Naachtun depicts fierce-looking, possible warrior, queen

Girl’s 12,000 year old skeleton found in underwater cave may shed light on Native American origins 

Should human remains be put on display? Archaeology and grave robbing 

Five ways twitter can be useful in academic contexts 

In Victorian ear, doctors prescribed beards to keep men healthy 

Restorers to bone up on skills for Kutná Hora ossuary makeover, Prague 

Bone to be wild, fleshing out a career devoted to skeletons and people, tribute to paleopathologist Dr. George Armelagos

Qatari people carry genetic trace of early migrants out of Africa  

Testing on Egyptian coffin’s wood reveals climate change may have caused empire’s fall 

Mountain Gorilla, Cross River Gorilla, and Sumatran Orangutan listed as some of the world’s most endangered animals 

Ancient faeces reveals origins of Puerto Rican natives 

Graphic of Wari woman’s royal tomb reveals burial fit for a queen, Peru 

Federal government jeopardizes Navajo’s family ties to home lands

Is your baby American enough Complicated relationship between genetics and nationality 

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This week in anthropology, archaeology, bioarchaeology, bioanthropology news

Skull of homo erectus throws story of human evolution into disarray 

9 Things you won’t see on display at the American Museum of Natural History 

AAA president defends social science research at NSF 

20 things you didn’t know about hoaxes 

Mausoleum go Augustus to be Restored, Rome 

Evolution of Irrationality in humans, learning from primates 

Pros and cons (and costs!) of taking your graduate studies abroad 

Tomb with pyramid entrance excavated in Egypt 

Looted bone boxes recovered in Jerusalem 

Maya skulls show evidence of wooden-club warfare 

Harvard discovered books bound with human flesh in library 

Illustrated story teaches kids natural selection 

Exhumed bones from Franco period bring crimes of Spanish dictatorship back to surface 

Traumatic skull injuries show that Maya used spiked clubs 

Byzantine monks used asbestos in wall frescos 

Byzantine mosaics uncovered in Israel 

Visit Angkor Wat using Good street view 

Things I wish I had known before beginning my Masters 

Jane Goodall celebrates her 80th birthday this week

Why anthropologists join an ebola outbreak team

10 reasons why everyone should love Jane Goodall 

Neanderthals genetic legacy among modern Europeans and Asians

Prehistoric artifacts found in Nashville ball park 

Tunisia returns stolen Mask of Gorgon to Algeria 

Early humans and saber-tooth cats co-existed 300,000 years ago 

New evidence exonerates rats as bearers of Black Death 

Did modern humans get fat from Neanderthals? Europeans have three times more Neanderthal variants in genes involved in lipid catabolism than Asians and Africans 

(a) Schematic representation of genomic distance calculations between contemporary human populations and Neanderthals. The genomes of out-of-Africa individuals were compared with the genomes of individuals of purely African ancestry (YRI). Single nucleotide differences from the Neanderthal genotype in an African genome were referred to as ‘ABBA’, while sites with the Neanderthal genotype in an out-of-Africa genome were referred to as ‘BABA’. (b) Average proportions of NLS in contemporary African (AF), European (EU) and Asian (AS) populations calculated based on sequence data from the 1,000 genomes project13; blue: genome wide (n=1,158,559 sites), red: LCP genes (n=498 sites). The error bars show the s.d. of the NLS proportion estimates. (c) Genomic distances between 11 contemporary human populations and Neanderthals; blue, genome wide; red, LCP genes. The maximal bar length corresponds to a NLS frequency of 30%. Placement of ASW and CEU individuals in sub-Saharan Africa and Western Europe, respectively, reflects their approximate historical geographical origins rather than their present location [Credit: Nature Communications, doi:10.1038/ncomms4584] Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2014/04/did-europeans-get-fat-from-neanderthals.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+TheArchaeologyNewsNetwork+%28The+Archaeology+News+Network%29#.Uz9yw1yRJg2 Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Sensors and satellites deployed to save Pompeii 

Ancient nomads spread earliest domestic grain over Silk Road 

Developers destroy Roman wall in UK 

Homo is the only primate whose tooth size decreases as its brain size increases 

Indigenous societies’ “first contact” typically brings collapse, but rebounds are possible  

This week in anthropology, archaeology, bioarchaeology, biological anthropology

Modern Iberian populations not genetically related to Mesolithic populations in Spain 

Remains of executed Indian soldiers found in well

Construction for Olympic stadium reveals slave cemetery in Rio 

Mass grave of Irish laborers found in Pennsylvania

4,000 year-old burial found in Dartmoor rewrites bronze-age history in Britain 

Exhumed bones from the Franco period brings crimes of Spanish dictatorship to surface

Dark skin may have evolved to protect against skin cancer 

Check out the Order of the Good Death, a collaboration of “funeral industry professionals, academics, and artists exploring ways to prepare a death phobic culture for their inevitable mortality”

Nine maps that have shaped the world 

New research suggests that unusual weather aided the rise of the Mongol empire in the 1200s

DNA analysis shows that natural selection has altered the appearance (skin, hair, and eye pigmentation) of Europeans over the past 5000 years, see also at ScienceNews and ScienceDaily

Who has received the most NSF grants for archaeology, interesting results, shows women underrepresented

David J. Skorton of Cornell to head Smithsonian’s 19 museums , 9 research organizations, and zoo 

Remains of medieval monk discovered after his legs found poking out of sea ridge

Archaeologists may have covered palace of Anglo-Saxon royals who buried their dead near Sutton Hoo 

DNA study finds millions of Scots and Brits decedents from Vikings 

Why Americans are the weirdest people on Earth 

Volcanoes helped species survive the Ice Age, helps scientists understand how animals respond the climate change

Personality predicts social learning in wild monkeys: bold or anxious baboons learn to solve tasks from other baboons, shy and nervous baboons don’t

Problem with foundation of the Pyramid of the Sun, might collapse in near future

DNA politics: Anzick child casts doubt on Bering Straight theory 

Peru plans to make bug changes for Machu Picchu visitors, for potation and preservation of site

Descendants of Richard III campaign to have last medieval king’s remains buried in York 

Jane Goodall discusses wildlife poaching crisis in Africa

Anglo-Saxon royal village discovered whose people buried their royal dead at Sutton Hoo

Human bones from Welsh cliff could be from “unofficial” Tudor burial ground 

New excavations start at Troy lead by Turkish team

Archaeologists study 4,000 year old settlement in Hungary

For PiDay Smithsonian’s Human Origins asks how many early human species were on earth 3.14 million years ago?  

Second skeleton found at Wanapun Dam on Columbia River, Washington state 

Residents of Timbuktu, Mail, begin reconstruction on mausoleum, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, after armed extremists damaged site during 2012 occupation 

Jane Goodall included on list of 12 Women Who Totally Rocked Science in honor of Womens’ History Month 

US agreed to return 4000 year old Egyptian artifacts smuggled out of the country in 2011