Smithsonian

This week in anthropology, forensics, bioarchaeology, archaeology, and human evolution

Differences in core body temperature between men and women 

Lead in Rome’s water was 100 times higher than natural levels 

Study finds that Americans have more skepticism than confidence in scientific theories that are farther away from bodies in scope and time: global warming, the age of the Earth and evolution and the Bing Bang

After death, resurrection through decomposition and purification of the body 

Two 26th dynasty tombs unearthed near Minya, Egypt 

Humans may have dispersed out of Africa earlier than thought 

What is anthropology? 

Darwin’s tragic error: How Hitler and the Nazi’s destroyed evolution and propagated racism 

West Suffolk: Roman skeletons discovered by Anglian Water in Barnham, Bardwell, Pakenham and Rougham

A tomb of 49,000 year-old Neanderthal bones discovered in El Sidron, a remote, mountainous region of Northern Spain, leads to a compelling investigation to solve a double mystery: How did this group of Neanderthals die? (video) 

Scientists use CT scan to examine Inca mummy, the Ice Maiden, discovered in Argentina 

15 ways to tell if a science news story is hogwash 

Students in Oklahoma know less about evolution after taking biology 

Where Ancient Romans poisoned by lead?

Examining the Egyptian mummy, Tamut 

New support for Southern dispersal theory (out of Africa along South and Southeast Asia) 

The mind bending power of color, finally getting scientific notice? 

Suspected mass grave excavated in Serbia, believed to have remains of 250 Albanians from Kosovo War 

Creationists say government, Smithsonian is pushing “religion of naturalism” and “religion of evolution” on students 

Swedes open coffin of 850-year-old King Erik 

Everything from 4500-year-old site in California was excavated and then reburied

Using remote surveillance to monitor “uncontacted” Brazilian societies

Women undergoing foot surgery so they can wear designer shoes comfortably 

Stonehenge rock source identified 

Scientists discover little genetic variation among Neanderthals 

Education may insulate the brain against traumatic injury 

Ebola outbreak, crisis for primates and humans 

Durham academic finds 3,000 year old skeleton with clogged arteries 

 

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This week in anthropology, archaeology, bioarchaeology, biological anthropology

Modern Iberian populations not genetically related to Mesolithic populations in Spain 

Remains of executed Indian soldiers found in well

Construction for Olympic stadium reveals slave cemetery in Rio 

Mass grave of Irish laborers found in Pennsylvania

4,000 year-old burial found in Dartmoor rewrites bronze-age history in Britain 

Exhumed bones from the Franco period brings crimes of Spanish dictatorship to surface

Dark skin may have evolved to protect against skin cancer 

Check out the Order of the Good Death, a collaboration of “funeral industry professionals, academics, and artists exploring ways to prepare a death phobic culture for their inevitable mortality”

Nine maps that have shaped the world 

New research suggests that unusual weather aided the rise of the Mongol empire in the 1200s

DNA analysis shows that natural selection has altered the appearance (skin, hair, and eye pigmentation) of Europeans over the past 5000 years, see also at ScienceNews and ScienceDaily

Who has received the most NSF grants for archaeology, interesting results, shows women underrepresented

David J. Skorton of Cornell to head Smithsonian’s 19 museums , 9 research organizations, and zoo 

Remains of medieval monk discovered after his legs found poking out of sea ridge

Archaeologists may have covered palace of Anglo-Saxon royals who buried their dead near Sutton Hoo 

DNA study finds millions of Scots and Brits decedents from Vikings 

Why Americans are the weirdest people on Earth 

Volcanoes helped species survive the Ice Age, helps scientists understand how animals respond the climate change

Personality predicts social learning in wild monkeys: bold or anxious baboons learn to solve tasks from other baboons, shy and nervous baboons don’t

Problem with foundation of the Pyramid of the Sun, might collapse in near future

DNA politics: Anzick child casts doubt on Bering Straight theory 

Peru plans to make bug changes for Machu Picchu visitors, for potation and preservation of site

Descendants of Richard III campaign to have last medieval king’s remains buried in York 

Jane Goodall discusses wildlife poaching crisis in Africa

Anglo-Saxon royal village discovered whose people buried their royal dead at Sutton Hoo

Human bones from Welsh cliff could be from “unofficial” Tudor burial ground 

New excavations start at Troy lead by Turkish team

Archaeologists study 4,000 year old settlement in Hungary

For PiDay Smithsonian’s Human Origins asks how many early human species were on earth 3.14 million years ago?  

Second skeleton found at Wanapun Dam on Columbia River, Washington state 

Residents of Timbuktu, Mail, begin reconstruction on mausoleum, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, after armed extremists damaged site during 2012 occupation 

Jane Goodall included on list of 12 Women Who Totally Rocked Science in honor of Womens’ History Month 

US agreed to return 4000 year old Egyptian artifacts smuggled out of the country in 2011